The golden key of the new constitution is undoubtedly one that poses, immediately and unequivocally, the regulative principles of the Moroccan political system in its new configuration: “Morocco is a constitutional, democratic, parliamentary and social monarchy. The constitutional system of the kingdom is based on the separation, balance and collaboration of powers, as well as citizenship and participatory democracy and the principles of good governance and the correlation between responsibility and accountability” Paragraph1.
Biography of HM. King Mohammed VI:
His Majesty the King, Mohammed VI, King of Morocco, is a descendent of the Alaouite offspring, originally from Yanboo Al Nakhil, a small oasis of the Arabian coast on the Red Sea. Directly descending from the prophet of Islam, Sidna Mohammed, via his daughter Lalla Fatima Zohra, the Royal family came to settle in Sijilmasa, in the Moroccan South, in the middle of the 13th century. His Majesty King Mohammed VI is the 23rd king of the Alaouite Dynasty, the reign of which started in the middle of the 17th century.
- His Majesty King Mohammed VI, son of the late King H.M. Hassan II, is born on August 21st, 1963, in Rabat.
- The enthronement of His Royal Highness Crown Prince Sidi Mohammed Ibn Al Hassan Ben Mohammed, king of Morocco, was on July 30th, 1999.
- On July 12th, 2002, in Rabat, the celebration of the King’s wedding with Her Royal Highness Princess Lalla Salma.
- On Mai 8th 2003, in Rabat, the birth of His Royal Highness Crown Prince Moulay El Hassan.
- On February 28th 2007, in Rabat, the birth of Her Royal Highness Princess Lalla Khadija.
Studies and academic training
- - At the age of 4, his father enrolled him at the Koranic School of the Royal Palace.
- - Primary and secondary education at Royal College. Baccalaureate on June 1981.
- - Higher education in Law at the University Mohammed V of Judicial, economic and social sciences in Rabat.
- - The Defense of his B.A took place in 1985, with a Thesis entitled “The Arabo-African Union and the Kingdom’s strategy in the international relations.”
- - In 1987, he got the First Certificate of high studies in political sciences and a Second Certificate, in Public Law, on July 1988, both of them with honor.
- - In order to complete his training, and to practice the principles and rules of law at the college, the Late King Hassan II decided to send him, in November 1988, to Brussels with Mr. Jacques Delors, President of the Commission of the European Economic Communities, for some months. Even at a young age, Crown Prince was always asked by his father to carry out different missions at different levels: national, Arab, Islamic, African and international towards head of states and friends. His Highness took part, thus, in many international and regional conferences.
- - On October 29th, 1993, His Highness Crown Prince received, at the University of Nice-Antipolis in France, the title of a Doctor in Law with distinction. The thesis title was: “Cooperation between the European Economic Community and the Arab Maghreb Union”.
- - A Honoris Causa Doctorate from the University of George Washington on June 22nd 2000.
- - Author of a book and many articles on the Euro Maghreb cooperation.
- - Written and spoken languages: Arabic, French, Spanish and English.
- - His Majesty the King Mohammed VI practices many sports.
Tasks entrusted to His Majesty King Mohammed VI, when Crown Prince:
Exposed to heavy tasks since his young age, His Majesty King Mohammed VI was often charged by his father, with important missions to Heads of State brothers and friends, and had attended national, Arab, Islamic , African and international meetings:
- At the age of four, he accompanied his father during the official visit to the United States of America, which took place on February 9th and 10th 1967.
- - On April 6th 1974, the first official mission to represent his father the King HASSAN II at the religious prayer celebrated at the Cathedral “Notre Dame de Paris”, in the memory of the French President, Georges Pompidou. He also represented his father at the funeral of the Emperor of Japan Hiro Hito 1989.
- - Visiting many African countries, from July 23rd to 30th 1980, to hand over private messages of his father, to the following presidents:
Leopold Sedar Senghor of Senegal
Ahmed Sékou Touré of Guinia
Félix Houphouet Boigny of Cote d’ivoire
Ahmadou Ahidjo of Cameroun
Shehu Shagari of Nigeria
- - Official visits to Saudi Arabia, from 11th to 18th March, 1986, and to Japan from the 7th to the 21st March 1987.
His majesty leads the Moroccan delegations to the work of several international and regional conferences:
- - On March 10th, 1983, in New Delhi, the 7th Summit of non-aligned countries.
- - On September 21st, 1983, in Addis-Abeba, the Committee for implementation of the A.O.U concerning the Sahara.
- - On October 3rd, 1983, in Vittel, the King attended the 10th Franco-African conference.
- - On May 4th, 1994, in Geneva, the meeting of the advisory group on the occasion of the Commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the establishment of the UN
- - “The Earth Summit”, an extraordinary session of the General Assembly of the UN on the environment, was hold from June 21st to 27th, 1997 in Brazil.
The King has also presided:
- - The opening session of the Ministerial Meeting of GATT (Marrakech, April 12th, 1994).
- - The opening of the work of the National Commission for the Commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the UN on January 12th, 1995.
- -The closing session of the seminar on “Relations between Morocco and Europe” ( Paris, April 9th, 1996).
- - Inauguration of the Macro-American council office of commerce and investments (New York, December 10th, 1996).
When Crown Prince, His Majesty King Mohammed VI has been appointed by the late King Hassan II.
- - Chairman of the Organizing Committee of IXth Mediterranean Games in Casablanca (March 18th, 1982).
- - Chairman of the Commission charged of the Organization of Pan-Arab games VI (April 11th, 1985).
- - Coordinator of offices and services of General Military Staff of the Royal Armed Forces (November 26th, 1985).
He has also been promoted by His Majesty King Hassan II, to the rank of Divisional General, July 12th, 1994.
Following the death of His Majesty King Hassan II on July 23rd , 1999, the accession of His Majesty King Mohammed VI to the Throne in accordance with Article 20 of the kingdom’s Constitution:
- The Ceremony of presenting the BEIA (Allegiance) to His Majesty King Mohammed Ben Al Hassan Ben Mohammed, Amir Al Mouminine, took place on Friday, July 23rd, 1999, in the Throne Room of the Royal Palace in Rabat.
- - The Enthronement of His Majesty King Mohammed VI, Amir Al Mouminine, took place on July 30th, 1999. He solemnly performed the Friday prayer and pronounced His first Speech of the Throne, at the Royal Palace in Rabat. This date becomes, officially, the Feast of the Throne.
His Majesty the King is the effective President of several associations including:
His Majesty King Mohammed VI presents his support for the work of civil society organizations. It is, indeed, the Honorary President of a large number of active associations in various areas of socio-economic development.
Many friendly countries of Morocco presented to His Majesty the King their highest national honors. These include:
France, Spain, Italy, Belgium, Tunisia, Mauritania, Libya, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait ,Qatar, Bahrain, Syria, Lebanon, Senegal, Cameroon, Mali, Gabon, Niger, Burkina Faso, Brazil, Peru, Chile, Argentina, Mexico, Dominican Republic …
His majesty the king Mohamed VI has been awarded many prizes and medals by foreign parliamentary institutions, international organizations and NGOs, in particular:
- - Trophy of the International Association against Violence in Sport (IAAVS).
- - Gold medals awarded by the sports magazine (French-English) “African champion” for the years 1988-1989.
- - Prices for “Grenada 1999″ Medal of Honor by the group of radio stations of the chain “SER”…
- - Medal of high merit of South-American football Confederation.
- - U.S. Foundation Award “Helen Keller” who works in the social field, particularly in the fight against blindness.
- - Medals of the Spanish Senate and Congress.
- - Abderrahmane first prize, awarded by the Spanish city Almunecar to the personalities contributing significantly to strengthening the relations between the Arab world and Europe.
- - Logo of ISESCO.
- - High cordon of Abu Bakr Seddik, the highest distinction of the organization of the red crescent and red cross Arab associations.
The Parliament comprises two houses that are mandated by the nation. The 325 members of the House of Representatives are elected for a five-year term by direct universal suffrage.
The House of Counsellors members are elected for a six-year term by indirect universal suffrage, depending on an equitable distribution of the Article 63 of the new constitution: three fifths of the elected members represent the territorial collectivities while the remaining two fifths are elected in each region by electoral colleges composed of elected members of professional chambers and members elected at the national scale by an electoral college composed of wage -earners representatives.
The Parliament holds two sessions a year and the opening of the first session is presided over by the King. The constitution stipulates that an extraordinary session might be convened at the request of the absolute majority of one of the houses or at the request of the government.
Sessions are public and each house drafts its own statutes whose constitutionality is systematically controlled by the Constitutional Council.
The speaker and the House of Representatives’ bureau members, and also the presidents of the permanent commissions and their Bureau are elected at the legislature opening and in the April session and at the third year of the legislature. The speaker of the House of Counsellors and the members of the Bureau, and also the presidents of the permanent commissions and their Bureau are elected at the opening of October’s session and at the renewal of the House.
The Government is accountable to the King and to the Parliament. For the Parliament, the government responsibility starts when it is appointed, during a general policy declaration, when a text is voted, and when the Parliament decides to retreat its confidence.
When he is named, the Prime Minister presents before each of the houses the broad lines of his program. While this program is debated at each house, it is only voted at the House of Representatives. At the House of Counsellors, the procedure is restricted to a simple debate.
Requesting confidence at the general policy declaration or when a text is voted: At this stage, during legislature, only the House of Representatives can grant or retain its confidence to the government when the general policy declaration is presented or when a text is voted. If the absolute majority of the House of Representatives members retain their confidence, the government shall tender collective resignation. At this stage too, the House of Counsellors is not associated.
The censure motion: The House of Representatives has the capacity to sanction the government by voting a censure motion. However, two conditions need to be met; at the House of Representatives, the absolute majority is required and at the House of Counsellors, a consolidated majority is requested.
Organization of the bicameral parliament.
Since the independence, Morocco has witnessed the succession of thirty governments. More details inside.
- - Mohammed V Foundation for Solidarity.
- - Mohammed VI Foundation for the rehabilitation of prisoners and inmates of the rescue centers for children.